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工信部打击非法网络电话,质疑为保护垄断利益

减小字体 增大字体 作者:免费网络电话(本站)  来源:本站原创  发布时间:2010-12-29 14:38:47
      日前,工信部网站发出通知,称正会同有关部门集中开展打击非法互联网协议电话(VoIP电话)相关工作,并面向社会公开征集非法网络电话案件相关线索。
 
      每6秒8角钱的国际长途电话,和每分钟1角的互联网电话,你会选择谁?工信部日前定调:后者多属“非法”。“按工信部界定,除了电信、联通两大运营商在全国4个城市的试点外,市面上现存所有互联网电话全是非法的,十分荒唐。”资深通信业者阚凯力表示。
 
打击封锁非法网络电话
 
      但是 工信部为何此时打击网络电话呢?从不少受骗用户的经历看,目前的网络电话可以随意改号,而各大电信平台没有这项阻断的功能,骗子们在境外或者远隔千里,能把拨打的电话,更改显示成当地的公安机关、银行、法院、检察院,以及其他政府部门的号码,带有很大的欺骗性。
 
      从政策层面看,国家并没有放开网络电话业务。根据条例规定,经营VOIP业务需要取得基础电信业务经营许可证。这意味着,只有电信移动等几大国有基础电信运营商才有权开展此业务。5年前,原信产部曾经委托运营商在四个城市进行网络电话试点,也一直没有下文。
 
      如果严格按照有关部门的规定,目前几乎所有的网络电话都是非法的。2003年原信息产业部出台《电信业务分类目录》,其中对网络电话业务定义为:泛指利用IP网络协议,通过IP网络提供或通过电话网络和IP网络共同提供的电话业务,从这个分类看,网络电话属于第一类基础电信业务。根据《中华人民共和国电信管理条例》第七条和第九条的规定,经营网络电话业务需要取得基础电信业务经营许可证。而基础电信业务经营许可证只有几家电信运营商才有,民营公司都不具备这一资格。
 
      本月初,央视曝光不法分子利用网络电话诈骗的多起案例。不少媒体呼吁,通信行业的主管部门应该针对薄弱环节,例如网络电话的随意显示主叫号码、银行卡监督管理存在的一些漏洞,加强监管,斩断其背后的利益链条,不给电话诈骗可乘之机。
 
      工信部的通知中称,面向社会公开征集非法网络电话案件相关线索,欢迎社会各界对非法网络电话线索进行实名举报。通知中还公布了举报电话。现在是网络电话如此之多,哪种才是非法的呢?记者21日拨打了工信部所公布的电话打算咨询一番,但是一直无人接听。
 
      “一般而言,网络电话分为三类:电脑到电脑,电话到电话,电脑到电话。电脑到电脑,比如像MSN、QQ的语音通信,这根本没法禁止的,电话到电话也早就出现了,关键是电脑到电话”,阚凯力教授说道。不过目前市场上几乎所有针对个人的网络电话都是电脑到电话的,工信部如果打击的对象在于此,那么将会有一大批公司重蹈UUCall的覆辙。
 
相关英文报道
Ban on Skype-like operations sparks outcry
By Zhu Shanshan
 
      The nation's information technology authorities are clamping down on unlicensed online calling services, drawing the ire of users and analysts who see this attempt at trying to safeguard the telecommunication monopoly of State-owned service providers.
 
      Concerns appeared to have mounted as some Chinese Web users claimed that Skype's two-day service failure from December 22 was suspicious, coming only 12 days after China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) announced it was stepping up its action against illegal voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) operations in the country.
 
      With the rise of VoIP applications in 2005, the MIIT issued regulations to limit the entry of Chinese private capital into such operations, China Tech News reported.
 
      According to China's Telecommunications Regulations, no organization or individual may engage in telecommunications business activities without first obtaining a telecommunications service operating license.
 
      This effectively means that only two State-owned companies, China Telecom and China Unicom, are in a position to launch VoIP service, although the service's low pricing has not sparked their commercial inter-ests.
 
      Service providers, such as Skype, enable their users to make phone calls at much cheaper prices or even for free from computers to mobile or landline phones through the Internet.
 
      Compared with IP calls costing 2.4 yuan ($0.36) per minute from China to the US, Skype costs only 0.19 yuan per minute, saving 66.3 yuan on a 30-minute phone call.
 
      "I am free to choose. It's unfair to force anyone to use the service of the State-owned companies," Daniel Wu, a Hong Kong resident who works in Beijing, told the Global Times.
 
      "The initiative to get tough on online calling providers is purely to protect the interests of such companies, without considering users' interests," he said.
 
      A staff member with Skype's customer hotline, however, told the Global Times Tuesday that the poor quality of Skype VoIP service last week had nothing to do MIIT action and that Skype would continue its services.
 
      Skype has expanded rapidly in China with 51 million registered users in 2007, when China overtook the US to become Skype's largest market in the world, reports said.
 
      Cai Haining, deputy director of the Committee of Information Network and High-Tech of the Lawyers' Association of China, told the Global Times that since private companies in China do not possess a telecommunications service operating license, they must cooperate with companies that do, such as China Unicom, if they wish to take part in telecommunications business activities.
 
      Dozens of private companies providing VoIP services that sprung up in China following Skype's success have either been shut down or been forced to relocate overseas due to their lack of licenses.
 
      In October 2009, the website for UUCall, one of the major Chinese VoIP service providers, with 40 million registered users, was closed down for reportedly violating mainland laws and regulations.
 
      Its service reopened in February this year after the company relocated its domain name to Hong Kong.
 
      However, Cai said, such a relocation does not protect their operations on the Chinese mainland in the long run, since it remains illegal for those companies to charge fees.
 
      "The new policy is simply to encourage State-owned telecom operators to manipulate the VoIP service sector. These giant operators are reluctant to take on private VoIP service providers that are usually cheaper and provide better services," Lü Benfu, director of the Internet Development Research Center at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told the Global Times.
 
      Fang Xingdong, an IT expert, said the crackdown goes against Internet users' interests and runs counter to the development of the telecommunication technology.
 
      "It's unfair for the VoIP service users. The ministry must help facilitate communication technologies, rather than block their development," he said.
 
      Song Shengxia and Huang Jingjing contributed to the story
 
 
参考网址:
      1、http://www.lxvoip.net/voip-news/miit-ban-voip.html
      2、http://china.globaltimes.cn/society/2010-12/606537.html
 

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